BABRI … Ban orders in Ayodhya as SC edges closer to final verdict on Ram Janam Bhoomi land

LUCKNOW: Ban orders have been imposed across Ayodhya district in Uttar Pradesh as the Supreme Court edged closer to a verdict on the Ram Janam Bhoomi land dispute. The apex court resumes proceedings on Monday after the week-long Dussehra break. Arguments and counter-arguments continued in the court for 37 days so far.
The five-judge Constitution bench headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi started the hearings on August 6 following failure of the mediation proceedings. The bench had fixed October 17 as deadline for completion of arguments, to facilitate a judgment. As many as 14 appeals had been filed in the apex court against the 2010 Allahabad high court judgment, which had been delivered in response to four civil suits. The high court order had ruled that the 2.77acre land in Ayodhya should be partitioned equally among the three parties — the Sunni Waqf Board, the Nirmohi Akhara and Ram Lalla.

In fact, five lawsuits had been filed in the lower court at the very start of the dispute. The first was filed by Gopal Singh Visharad, a devotee of ‘Ram Lalla’, in 1950, to seek enforcement of the right of worship to Hindus at the disputed site. In the same year, Paramahansa Ramachandra Das filed a lawsuit for continuation of worship and keeping the idols under the central dome of the now-demolished disputed structure. This request was later withdrawn.
The Nirmohi Akahara moved the trial court in 1959 seeking management and ‘shebaiti’ (devotee) rights over the disputed land. The Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Wakf Board moved the court in 1961, claiming title right over the disputed property. The deity, ‘Ram Lalla Virajman’, through former Allahabad High Court judge Deoki Nandan Agrawal and the Janambhoomi (the birthplace) trust moved the lawsuit in 1989, seeking title right over the entire disputed property on the principal ground that the land itself has the character of the deity and of a ‘Juristic entity’.

Later, all the lawsuits were transferred to the Allahabad High Court for adjudication following the demolition of the disputed Ram Janambhoomi-Babri masjid structure on December 6, 1992, sparking communal riots in the country. –Agencies, IHN-NN


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