NEW DELHI: The Seventeenth Lok Sabha will have nearly 80 women parliamentarians – against a figure of 62 the last time. Out of the over 8,000 candidates who entered the LS poll fray this time, more than 700 were women. Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal have elected the highest number of women MPs; 11 candidates each.
There are eight women MPs from Maharashtra, seven from Odisha and six from Gujarat. As many as 22 states have sent women MPs while no woman MP was sent from states Arunachal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim, a survey by News-18 network showed.
The BJP has brought in the maximum number of women MPs, totalling 41. The party won a total of 303 seats, forming the single largest bloc in the Lok Sabha.
Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh sent four women MPs each. In AP, all the four women are from the YSRC and the four from MP are of the BJP. Three women candidates each were elected from Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu. In Bihar, one each was elected from BJP, JD(U) and LJP. In Chattisgarh, two candidates are from the BJP and one from the Congress. All three women from Rajasthan are from the BJP, while Tamil Nadu has two from DMK and one from Congress.
Jharkhand, Karnataka and Punjab also elected two women MPs each. The candidates from Jharkhand are one each from BJP and Congress. In Karnataka, an independent woman candidate and a Congress candidate won. In Punjab, one from Akali Dal and one from the Congress won, the News-18 network reported.
It noted that five states and a UT, namely Uttarakhand, Telangana, Kerala, Haryana, Delhi and Chandigarh elected one woman MP each. Here, all women candidates are from the BJP with the exception of one from TRS in Telangana. In Alathur Lok Sabha constituency in Kerala, Ramya Haridas of the Congress was elected to Parliament. She is the second Dalit female MP from the state.
Of the eight states in the northeast constituting a total of 25 seats, three women were elected in 2019, which is one more than the last general elections. Of these, two are members of the BJP and one is from the National People’s Party (NPP). From the ruling NPP in Meghalaya, Agatha Sangma won from the Tura parliamentary seat by a margin of 64,030 votes. She comes to power after defeating former chief minister of the state, Mukul Sangma, of the Congress.
For the first time, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh each had a woman contest in the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.
In the last 56 years, India’s Lok Sabha has not been able to double its tally of elected women representatives. In 1962, Lok Sabha had 6 per cent women in Parliament. In 2014, the number was just 11 perThe report notes that, worldwide, figures on the representation of women in leadership and their political participation in the Parliament are appallingly low.
According to the United Nations, the percentage of women in Parliament has doubled globally in the last 20 years, but this only translates into 23 per cent of women in Parliament today.
As of November 2018, 24 per cent of all women national parliamentarians across the world were women, a 13 per cent increase from 1995 (11.3 per cent). As of January 2019, 11 women were serving as Heads of State and 10 as Head of Government, according to the United Nations.
Among countries in the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), India had 12.6 per cent of elected women representatives in their national parliament ( a scenario that improved this time), only ahead of Sri Lanka (5.3%) and Maldives (4.7%), according to January 2019 data compiled by the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU), a multilateral agency, the report noted. –News-18; IHN-NN